According to Prime Minister Kaja Kallas, in the first 100 days, the government has had to both deal with the serious coronavirus crisis and address issues concerning the future of Estonia. “These 100 days have been difficult – in the recent history of Estonia, no government has had to start working in such a deep crisis. We have been fighting with the coronavirus crisis, including drafting a supplementary state budget and developing support measures, addressing the vaccination of the population, and preparing a plan for organising social life in the conditions of the coronavirus spread, so that Estonian life can recover from the crisis,” she said. “In addition, we have also dealt with many strategic tasks that look to the future and advance Estonian life, such as the preparation of a four-year budget strategy and the digital revolution and the green transition.”
According to Kallas, the goal of the government is to take decisive steps over the next two years to secure the future of Estonia in the long term, including the implementation of the digital revolution and the green transition. According to her, the issues related to the coronavirus, including the mitigation of the consequences of the crisis, will continue to be the focus of the government’s attention.
The 100-day plan was based on the eight main goals of the government: the effective resolution and exit from the COVID-19 crisis, healthy people, a smart economy, a green Estonia, educated and smart people, an active and protected Estonia, a balanced Estonia, and an open and secure state governed by the rule of law. On the basis of these goals, the plan envisaged 70 tasks, of which 87 percent or 61 tasks will be completed as at today.
To exit the COVID-19 pandemic, a social management plan in the context of the spread of the coronavirus has been approved, free home-based vaccination will be available to all in May, a vaccination information campaign has been launched, and the COVID-19 vaccination schedule has been updated. Support measures to exit the crisis in the fields of education, business, and agriculture have been complemented to help economic recovery.
To ensure that our people are healthy, the government has approved the Population Health Development Plan for 2020–2030 and a Green Paper on Mental Health. The analysis and proposals for reforming the Old-Age Pensions under Favourable Conditions Act and the Superannuated Pensions Act have been discussed. We have also discussed proposals for the sustainable organisation, financing, and support of long-term family caregivers and the renewal of the support system for children with special needs.
To ensure a smart economy, the government has sent the development plan for research and development, innovation, and entrepreneurship for 2021–2035 to the Riigikogu for discussion. The state real estate strategy has been updated and new real estate policy principles have been approved, and the audit of state-owned businesses and assets has been discussed. In order to ensure regional investments and balanced development throughout Estonia, a national action plan for regional development will be prepared.
To ensure a green Estonia, the proposal to prepare an environmental development plan until 2030 and a forestry development plan until 2030 has been approved, and the action plan for the strategy ‘Estonia 2035’ has also been approved. In order to implement the green transition, a call for applications was launched for local governments to prepare climate change mitigation and adaptation plans, and a working group on nuclear energy was also established, which will analyse the possibilities of introducing nuclear energy in Estonia.
In order for our people to be educated and smart, the proposal to compile a development plan for the cultural sector 2030 has been approved, and an expanded concept of the kultuuriranits fund, physical activity, and Estonian language houses has been developed. In the field of education, a plan for overcoming the coronavirus crisis and an action plan for ensuring the future of teachers and valuing the teaching profession have been prepared, and an action plan for education in Estonian will be developed by the end of November. In addition, the concept of talent development has been completed. A draft has also been sent for approval which establishes a family reconciliation system that provides an opportunity to ensure the best welfare of children in the event of parental separation.
To make sure Estonia is active and protected, an action plan for strengthening human rights diplomacy and relations between Estonia and the United States has been completed, and the Estonian International Development Cooperation Centre has been established. A draft has been approved to facilitate communication between the state and persons liable to national defence obligation, an analysis and proposals for strengthening defence cooperation and collective defence in the Baltic States have been discussed, an arrangement has been approved whereby companies will be given national defence tasks to provide services during a military crisis, and preparations for a cooperation agreement between the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Defence will continue to strengthen cooperation in the field of internal security and military defence.
To ensure Estonia is balanced, the amendments to the Development Plan for Agriculture and Fisheries until 2030 and the Estonian Rural Development Plan 2014–2020 have been approved, adding an additional 258.5 million euros of European Union funding to the development plan and changing terms of the measures for the transitional years 2021 and 2022.
In order for us to have an open and secure state governed by the rule of law, an anti-corruption action plan, guidelines to avoid conflicts of interest for ministers, their advisers, and senior state public servants, and the good practice document in dealing with lobbyists have been approved. In addition, new priorities in the fight against crime have been confirmed. Among other things, proposals to consolidate the basic IT services of the country have been approved.
In addition to the 100-day plan, the government has also drawn up an action programme which sets out specific tasks for the next two years to achieve the main goals of the government.
The government of the Reform Party and the Centre Party, led by Kaja Kallas, took office on 26 January. 5 May marked the 100th day in office for the government.
An overview of the most important activities of the 100 days: https://valitsus.ee/media/3976/download